Over a quarter of the labour force is currently either unemployed or under-employed. Combine that with the EU Commission finding that there are approximately 28 unemployed per job vacancy, and you have a real crisis. By Michael Taft.
In the final quarter of last year there was a glimmer of hope. Employment rose, suggesting that the labour market was ‘bottoming-out’ and maybe, just maybe, we could start to see a continuous rise in the number of people at work. That glimmer has been squashed, for the time being anyway. The latest Quarterly National Household Survey shows employment falling and falling again.
Late last year there was a rise of 9,000, albeit after a horrendous drop in the autumn. Since, then, however, there has been a fall of 24,000 people at work in the last six months, with the trend heading in the wrong direction. But with full-time employment, it gets worse.
The pattern is similar. An increase late last year but in the last six months a substantial fall. There are 33,000 fewer full-time jobs in the economy than late last year – and the recent fall is the highest since 2010.
Unemployment over the last year has been on the wrong side of 300,000. But it could be worse. The labour force has shrunk by 30,000 over the last year (read: emigration) while there are 10,000 more people on ‘labour activation’ programmes (made up mostly of new participants on Jobsbridge and TUS). Without these, the unemployment figures would be much higher than the official rate of 14.8%.
But there are other measurements that do not get the attention they deserve. These come from the ‘Indicators of Potential Labour Supply’. This is how they compare with the official unemployment rate:
- Unemployment Rate: 14.8%
- Unemployment + discouraged workers (S1): 15.4%
- Unemployment + discouraged workers + marginally attached to the labour force (S2): 18.3%
- Unemployment + underemployment (those working part-time but want to work full-time – S3): 25.2%
Over a quarter of the labour force is either unemployed or under-employed. Combine that with the EU Commission finding that there are approximately 28 unemployed per job vacancy, and you have a real crisis.
Since the Government came into office, employment has fallen by 33,000 while unemployment has crept up from 14.3 to 14.8%. Let’s first state: it would be unrealistic to expect a new government to come into office and, presto: the job situation dramatically improves. Unemployment is like a ship heading in the wrong direction in narrow waters. First you have to bring it to a stop. Then you have to turn it around. Then you have to start going in the right direction, accepting it will take time to accelerate. Let’s grant that.
But there’s accepting a difficult situation; then there’s refusing to assess if what you are doing is producing the results. Since coming into office we have had the Jobs Initiative, a ‘jobs-friendly’ budget and the Action Plan for Jobs. How do we know what effect these are having? How do we know if they are working? Is the Government measuring this? Do they have the tools to measure this? What if this is as good as it gets?
And what’s even more unnerving, how do we know there’s a captain on the bridge?